Subtitle: 
The Scientific Advisory Board constitutes the core of an international think tank of experts from a broad range of disciplines addressing issues vital to achieving critical outcomes in research. Several Nobel laureates are among the members.
Francis Allotey
Institute of Mathematical Sciences, Ghana

Francis Kofi Ampenyin Allotey is a Ghanaian internationally respected mathematical physicist. He is known for the "Allotey Formalism" which arose from his work on soft X-ray spectroscopy. A founding fellow of the African Academy of Sciences, in 1974 he became the first Ghanaian full professor of mathematics and head of the Department of Mathematics at the Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology.

Professor Allotey, the President of the Ghana Academy of Arts and Sciences is also a member of a number of prestigious international scientific organizations including membership of the International Institute of Theoretical and Applied Physics (ICTP) Scientific Council since 1996.

He is the Chairman of Board of Trustees of the Accra Institute of Technology (AIT)

Frances Arnold
California Institute of Technology, United States

Frances Arnold is an internationally recognized American scientist and engineer. She pioneered methods of directed evolution to create useful biological systems, including enzymes, metabolic pathways, genetic regulatory circuits, and organisms. She is the Dick and Barbara Dickinson Professor of Chemical Engineering, Bioengineering, and Biochemistry at the California Institute of Technology, where she studies evolution and its applications in science, medicine, chemicals and energy. She earned her B.S. in Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering from Princeton University in 1979 and her Ph.D. in Chemical Engineering from the University of California, Berkeley. There, she did her postdoctoral work in biophysical chemistry before coming to Caltech in 1986.

Her work has been recognized by many awards, including the 2011 Draper Prize and a 2011 National Medal of Technology and Innovation. She was elected to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 2011. Arnold has the rare honor of being elected to all three National Academies in the United States - The National Academy of Sciences, The National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine. Arnold is a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, the American Academy of Microbiology and the American Institute for Medical and Biological Engineering.

A member of the Advisory Board of the DOE-funded Joint BioEnergy Institute and the Packard Fellowships in Science and Engineering, Arnold also serves on the President's Advisory Council of the King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST). She is currently serving as a judge for The Queen Elizabeth Prize for Engineering, 2013.

Arnold's Caltech research is in green chemistry and alternative energy, including the development of highly active enzymes (cellulolytic and biosynthetic enzymes) and microorganisms to convert renewable biomass to fuels and chemicals. She is co-inventor on numerous patents and co-founded Gevo, Inc. in 2005.

Piero Baglioni
University of Florence, Italy

Piero Baglioni is an Italian chemist and University professor at the University of Florence. Baglioni produced several innovations in the field of both inorganic and organic colloids. Baglioni is the author of more than 250 publications on books and largely diffused international journals. He is also the author of 16 patents for the preparation of aqueous suspensions at high concentration of particulate, for the therapy and photodynamic diagnosis of tumors, for the conservation of the cultural heritage, for the setup of a new process for the treatment of textile industrial waste, for production of emulsions from bio crude oil, for production of nanoparticles and novel nano-coatings via flame-spraying, and using homogeneous and heterogeneous solutions.

Chunli Bai
The Chinese Academy of Sciences, P.R. China

Bai Chunli is a Chinese scientist. He graduated from Peking University in 1978. In 1981 he received a master's degree of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, and in 1985 earned a doctor’s degree. From 1985 to 1987, he was at the California Institute of Technology, engaged in postdoctoral research.He is a professor, a Ph.D. degree, an academician of Chinese Academy of Sciences and the The World Academy of Sciences. Currently he is President of The World Academy of Sciences, President of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, the cochairman of China Association for Science and Technology and the president of University of Chinese Academy of Sciences.

He mainly engages in the field of important nanotechnology scanning tunneling microscopy study, his work focuses on the scanning probe microscopy techniques, and molecular nano-structure, and nanotechnology research. He has published a large number of books in both Chinese and English. He was the alternate committee member of the 15th and the 16th CPC central committee, and the sixth vice president of the China Association for Science and Technology. In 2011, he became an honorary member of Chinese Association for Science and Technology.

He is now a part-time professor of Peking University, Tsinghua University, University of Science and Technology of China, Nankai University, and China University of Geosciences, and is also a visiting professor at Liaoning Normal University andNanjing Audit University.

Carlos Bustamente
University of California, Berkeley, United States

Carlos Bustamante uses novel methods of single-molecule visualization, such as scanning force microscopy, to study the structure and function of nucleoprotein assemblies. His laboratory is developing methods of single-molecule manipulation, such as optical and magnetic tweezers, to characterize the elasticity of DNA, to induce the mechanical unfolding of individual protein and RNA molecules, and to investigate the machine-like behavior of molecular motors. 

Paul Crutzen
1995 Nobel Prize in Chemistry | Max Planck Institute for Chemistry, Germany

Paul Crutzen is best known for his research on ozone depletion. In 1970 Prof. Paul Crutzen pointed out that emissions of nitrous oxide (N2O), a stable, long-lived gas produced by soil bacteria, from the Earth's surface could affect the amount of nitric oxide (NO) in the stratosphere. Crutzen showed that nitrous oxide lives long enough to reach the stratosphere, where it is converted into NO. Crutzen then noted that increasing use of fertilizers might have led to an increase in nitrous oxide emissions over the natural background, which would in turn result in an increase in the amount of NO in the stratosphere. Thus human activity could have an impact on the stratospheric ozone layer. In the following year, Crutzen and (independently) Harold Johnston suggested that NO emissions from supersonic aircraft, which fly in the lower stratosphere, could also deplete the ozone layer. He lists his main research interests as “Stratospheric and tropospheric chemistry, and their role in the biogeochemical cycles and climate”

In 1995, he received the Nobel Prize in Chemistry, together with Mario. Molina and F. S. Rowland, U.S.A.

Peter Dervan
California Institute of Technology, United States

Peter Dervan is the Bren Professor of Chemistry at the California Institute of Technology. He has created a new field of bioorganic chemistry with studies directed toward understanding the chemical principles for the sequence specific recognition of the genetic material, DNA. Dervan has combined the art of synthesis, physical chemistry, and biology to create novel synthetic molecules with affinities and sequence specificities comparable to Nature's proteins for any predetermined DNA sequence. This biomimetic approach to DNA recognition underpins the design of cell-permeable molecules for the regulation of gene expression in vivo. The approach could have profound implications for human medicine.

Dervan is a member of the National Academy of Sciences, the Institute of Medicine, the American Academy of Arts & Sciences, the American Philosophical Society, and a Foreign Member of the French Academy of Sciences and the German Academy of Sciences. His awards include the Harrison Howe Award (1988), Arthur C. Cope Award (1993), Willard Gibbs Medal (1993), Nichols Medal (1994), Maison de la Chimie Foundation Prize (1996), Remsen Award (1998), Kirkwood Medal (1998), Alfred Bader Award (1999), Max Tishler Prize (1999), Linus Pauling Medal (1999), Richard C. Tolman Medal (1999), Tetrahedron Prize (2000), Harvey Prize (Israel) (2002), Ronald Breslow Award (2005), Wilbur Cross Medal (2005), the National Medal of Science (2006), Frank H. Westheimer Medal (2009) and Prelog Medal (2015).

 

Gerhart Ertl
2007 Nobel Prize in Chemistry | Fritz Haber Institute of the Max Planck Society, Germany

Gerhard Ertl is a German physicist and a Professor emeritus at the Department of Physical Chemistry, Fritz-Haber-Institut der Max-Planck-Gesellschaft in Berlin, Germany. Ertl’s research laid the foundation of modern surface chemistry, which has helped explain how fuel cells produce energy without pollution, how catalytic converters clean up car exhausts and even why iron rusts. His work has paved the way for development of cleaner energy sources and will guide the development of fuel cells.

He was awarded the 2007 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his studies of chemical processes on solid surfaces, where he has provided a detailed description of how chemical reactions take place on surfaces. His findings has found applications in both academic studies and industrial development,. “Surface chemistry can even explain the destruction of the ozone layer, as vital steps in the reaction actually take place on the surfaces of small crystals of ice in the stratosphere,” the award citation reads.

Watch Gerhart Ertl's interview on MoleClues!

Sture Forsén
Lund University, Sweden

Roald Hoffmann
1981 Nobel Prize in Chemistry | Cornell University, United States

Roald Hoffmann has investigated both organic and inorganic substances, developing computational tools and methods such as the extended Hückel method, which he proposed in 1963. He also developed, with Robert Burns Woodward, rules for elucidating reaction mechanisms (the Woodward-Hoffmann rules). He also introduced the isolobal principle.

In 1981, Hoffmann received the Nobel Prize in Chemistry, which he shared with Kenichi Fukui "for their theories, developed independently, concerning the course of chemical reactions"

Sir Aaron Klug
1982 Nobel Prize in Chemistry | United Kingdom

Sir Aaron Klug is a British chemist and biophysicist, and winner of the 1982 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his development of crystallographic electron microscopy and his structural elucidation of biologically important nucleic acid-protein complexes. He was knighted by Queen Elizabeth II in 1988.

Reiko Kuroda
University of Tokyo, Japan

Reiko Kuroda is a Japanese chemist who is a professor at the Department of Life Sciences at University of Tokyo. Her field of research is primarily chirality within both inorganic chemistry and organic chemistry. In 2006, Dr Kuroda was appointed to serve as a governor for the Cambridge Crystallographic Data Centre. On June 10, 2009, Dr Kuroda was elected a foreign member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences in its class for chemistry.

Robert Langer
Massachusetts Institute of Technology, United States

Robert Langer  is an American engineer, scientist, entrepreneur, inventor and the David H. Koch Institute Professor at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. He was formerly the Germeshausen Professor of Chemical and Biomedical Engineering and maintains activity in the Department of Chemical Engineering and the Department of Biological Engineering at MIT. He is also a faculty member of the Harvard-MIT Division of Health Sciences and Technology and the David H. Koch Institute for Integrative Cancer Research. He is a widely recognized and cited researcher in biotechnology, especially in the fields of drug delivery systems and tissue engineering. According to Web of Science he has been cited nearly 100,000 times and has an h-index of 155 as of Jan 23, 2014. Langer's research laboratory at MIT is the largest biomedical engineering lab in the world, maintaining about $10 million in annual grants and over 100 researchers.

Jean-Marie Lehn
1987 Nobel Prize in Chemistry | Institute of Science and Supramolecular Engineering, France

Jean-Marie Lehn received the Nobel Prize in Chemistry together with Donald Cram and Charles Pedersen in 1987 for his synthesis of cryptands. Lehn was an early innovator in the field of supramolecular chemistry, i.e. the chemistry of host-guest molecular assemblies created by intermolecular interactions, and continues to innovate in this field. His group has published in excess of 900 peer-reviewed articles in chemistry literature.

Michal Levitt
2013 Nobel Prize in Chemistry | Stanford University, United States

Michael Levitt is a biophysicist and a professor of structural biology at Stanford University, a position he has held since 1987. His research is in computational biology and he is a member of the National Academy of Sciences.

Levitt received the 2013 Nobel Prize in Chemistry, together with Martin Karplus and Molecular Frontiers Scientific Advisory Board member Arieh Warshel, for "the development of multiscale models for complex chemical systems"

Sara Linse
Lund University, Sweden

Roderick MacKinnon
2003 Nobel Prize in Chemistry | The Rockefeller University, United States

Roderick MacKinnon is a professor of Molecular Neurobiology and Biophysics at Rockefeller University who won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry together with Peter Agre in 2003 for his work on the structure and operation ofion channels.

Achim Müller
University of Bielefeld, Germany

Ryoji Noyori
2001 Nobel Prize in Chemistry | Nagoya University, Japan

Ryōji Noyori is a Japanese chemist. He won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 2001, sharing half of the prize with William S. Knowles for the study of chirally catalyzed hydrogenations; the second half of the Prize went to K. Barry Sharpless for his study in chirally catalyzed oxidation reactions (Sharpless epoxidation).

C.N.R. Rao
Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research, India

Chintamani Nagesa Ramachandra Rao FRS, also known as C.N.R. Rao, is an Indian chemist who has worked mainly in solid-state and structural chemistry. He currently serves as the Head of the Scientific Advisory Council to the Prime Minister of India. Rao has honorary doctorates from 60 universities from around the world. He has authored around 1,500 research papers and 45 scientific books. He is the recipient of most of the major scientific awards, and is member of all major scientific organisations.

On 16 November 2013, the Government of India announced his selection for Bharat Ratna, the highest civilian award in India, making him the third scientist after C.V. Raman and A. P. J. Abdul Kalam to receive the award. He, along with the legendary cricketer Sachin Tendulkar, was conferred the award on 4 February 2014 by President Pranab Mukherjee in a special ceremony in the Durbar Hall of the Rashtrapati Bhavan.

Richard Schrock
2005 Nobel Prize in Chemistry | Massachusetts Institute of Technology, United States

In 2005, Richard Schrock received the Nobel Prize in Chemistry, with Robert H. Grubbs and Yves Chauvin, for his work in the area of olefin metathesis, an organic synthesis technique. Schrock was the first to elucidate the structure and mechanism of so-called 'black box' olefin metathesis catalysts. Initial work at DuPont involved the synthesis of tantalum alkylidenes, alkylidenes being a crucial resting state in the catalytic cycle of olefin metathesis. His work at MIT has led to a detailed understanding of a group of molybdenum alkylidenes and alkylidynes which are active olefin and alkyne methathesis catalysts, respectively. Schrock has done much work to demonstrate that metallacyclobutanes are the key intermediate in olefin metathesis, with metallacyclobutadienes being the key intermediate in alkyne methathesis.

Charles Shapiro
Tisch Cancer Center, Icahn School of Medicine at Mt Sinai, United States

Charles Shapiro moved to is Professor of Medicine in the Division of Hematology/Oncology, Director of Translational Breast Cancer Research for the Mt Sinai Health System, and Director of Cancer Survivorship for the Mt Sinai Health System. He is nationally known as clinical trialist emphasizing the testing of novel therapeutics in early phase trials with correlative studies. 

K.Barry Sharpless
2001 Nobel Prize in Chemistry | Scripps Institute, United States

Barry Sharpless is an American chemist known for his work on stereoselective reactions. He was awarded a half-share of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 2001 for his work on stereoselective oxidation reactions (Sharpless epoxidation, Sharpless asymmetric dihydroxylation, Sharpless oxyamination). The other half of the year's Prize was shared between William S. Knowles and Ryōji Noyori (for their work on stereoselective hydrogenation). He also successfully epoxidized (using racemic tartaric acid) a C-86 Buckminster Fullerene ball, employing p-Cresol as solvent. More recently he has been an important figure in the new field of click chemistry. This involves a set of highly selective, exothermic reactions which occur under mild conditions; the most successful example is the azide alkyne Huisgen cycloaddition to form 1,2,3-triazoles.

Jack Szostak
2009 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine, Department of Genetics, Harvard Medical School, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, United States

Jack Szostak is Professor of Genetics at Harvard Medical School and Alexander Rich Distinguished Investigator at Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston. He was awarded the 2009 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, along with Elizabeth Blackburn and Carol W. Greider, for the discovery of how chromosomes are protected by telomeres.

Watch Jack Szostak's interview on MoleClues!

Jürgen Troe
Max Planck Institute for Biophysical Chemistry, Germany

Arieh Warshel
2013 Nobel Prize in Chemistry | University of Southern California

Arieh Warshel  is an Israeli-American Distinguished Professor of Chemistry and Biochemistry at the University of Southern California. He received the 2013 Nobel Prize in Chemistry, together with Michael Levitt and Martin Karplus for "the development of multiscale models for complex chemical systems".

Craig Venter
J. Craig Venter Institute, United States

John Craig Venter is an American biologist and entrepreneur. He is known for being one of the first to sequence the human genome and for creating the first cell with a synthetic genome. Venter founded Celera Genomics, The Institute for Genomic Research (TIGR) and the J. Craig Venter Institute (JCVI), and is now working at JCVI to create synthetic biological organisms. He was listed on Time magazine's 2007 and 2008 Time 100 list of the most influential people in the world. In 2010, the British magazine New Statesman listed Craig Venter at 14th in the list of "The World's 50 Most Influential Figures 2010".

George Whitesides
Harvard University, United States 

George M. Whitesides is an American chemist and professor of chemistry at Harvard University. He is best known for his work in the areas of NMR spectroscopy, organometallic chemistry, molecular self-assembly, soft lithography, microfabrication, microfluidics, and nanotechnology. Whitesides is also known for publishing his "outline system" for writing scientific papers. As of December 2011, he has the highest Hirsch index rating of all living chemists.

Torsten Wiesel
1981 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine | Karolinska Institute, Sweden

Torsten Nils Wiesel is a Swedish neurophysiologist. Together with David H. Hubel, he received the 1981 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, for their discoveries concerning information processing in the visual system; the prize was shared with Roger W. Sperry for his independent research on the cerebral hemispheres.

Jackie Ying
Institute of Bioengineering and Nanotechnology, Singapore

Jackie Ying is an eminent scientist in the field of nanotechnology, and holds the position of Executive Director of the Institute and Bioengineering and Nanotechnology (IBN) under Singapore’s Agency for Science, Technology and Research (A*Star) since 2003. At age 36, Professor Ying became the youngest full Professor at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), and two years later became the youngest member of the German Academy of Sciences Leopoldina, the world’s oldest academy for medicine and natural sciences. In 2008, she earned a place as one of only eight women in a list of 100 Engineers of the Modern Era, compiled by the American Institute of Chemical Engineers, honouring individuals who have made significant contributions to the field of engineering.

Ada Yonath
2009 Nobel Prize in Chemistry | Weizmann Institute of Science, Israel

Ada Yonath is best known for her pioneering work on the structure of the ribosome. She is the current director of the Helen and Milton A. Kimmelman Center for Biomolecular Structure and Assembly of the Weizmann Institute of Science. In 2009, she received the Nobel Prize in Chemistry along with Venkatraman Ramakrishnan and Thomas A. Steitz, for her studies on the structure and function of the ribosome. 

Richard Zare
Stanford University, United States

Richard N. Zare is the Marguerite Blake Wilbur Professor in Natural Science at Stanford University. He was born on November 19, 1939 in Cleveland, Ohio, and is a graduate of Harvard University, where he received his B.A. degree in chemistry and physics in 1961 and his Ph.D. in chemical physics in 1964. In 1965 he became an assistant professor at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, but moved to the University of Colorado in 1966, remaining there until 1969 while holding joint appointments in the departments of chemistry, and physics and astrophysics. In 1969 he was appointed to a full professorship in the chemistry department at Columbia University, becoming the Higgins Professor of Natural Science in 1975. In 1977 he moved to Stanford University. He was named Chair of the Department of Chemistry at Stanford University in 2005. In 2006 he was named a Howard Hughes Medical Institute (HHMI) Professor.

Professor Zare is renowned for his research in the area of laser chemistry, resulting in a greater understanding of chemical reactions at the molecular level. By experimental and theoretical studies he has made seminal contributions to our knowledge of molecular collision processes and contributed very significantly to solving a variety of problems in chemical analysis. His development of laser induced fluorescence as a method for studying reaction dynamics has been widely adopted in other laboratories.

In Memoriam with gratitude for their wise council and scientific contributions

Sir Harold Kroto
(1939-2016) 1996 Nobel Price in Chemistry | Florida State University, United States

Sir Harold (Harry) Walter Kroto was the Francis Eppes Professor of Chemistry at the Florida State University, which he joined in 2004. Prior to that, he spent a large part of his career at the University of Sussex, where he held an emeritus professorship.

He shared the 1996 Nobel Prize in Chemistry with Robert Curl and Richard Smalley, for their discovery of fullerenes.

Susan Lindquist
(1949-2016) Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research, MIT, United States

Susan Lindquist was a professor of biology at MIT specializing in molecular biology, particularly the protein folding problem within a family of molecules known as heat-shock proteins, and prions. Lindquist was a member and former Director of the Whitehead Institute and was awarded the National Medal of Science in 2010.

Watch Susan Lindquist's interview on MoleClues!

Roger Y. Tsien
(1952-2016) 2008 Nobel Prize in Chemistry | University of California, San Diego, United States

Roger Tsien was a Chinese American biochemist. He was a professor at the Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of California, San Diego. He was awarded the 2008 Nobel Prize in chemistry "for his discovery and development of the green fluorescent protein (GFP) with two other chemists: Martin Chalfie of Columbia University and Osamu Shimomura of Boston University and Marine Biological Laboratory.

Watch Roger Tsien's interview on MoleClues!

Ahmed Zewail
(1946-2016) 1999 Nobel Prize in Chemistry | California Institute of Technology, United States

Ahmed Zewail was an Egyptian scientist, known as the "father of femtochemistry". He won the 1999 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his work on femtochemistry and became the first Egyptian scientist who won Nobel Prize in a scientific field. He was the Linus Pauling Chair Professor Chemistry, Professor of Physics and the director of the Physical Biology Centre for the Ultrafast Science and Technology at the California Institute of Technology.

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